The Radical Eye review Elton John’s ravishing photography collection

Switch House, Tate Modern, LondonFrom the tears of Man Ray to the Paris of Robert Frank and the manspread of Salvador Dali, this astounding collection is a history of modernist photography

Sir Elton Johns image, his glasses askew and playing up for the camera in Irving Penns 1997 portrait, greets visitors to The Radical Eye. It is an endearing gag, leaving one unprepared for an exhibition as serious as it is surprising, and which could serve as a short course in the development of photography from around 1910 to 1950. The Sir Elton John collection currently contains more than 8,000 works, and even though there are fewer than a couple of hundred here, what a selection it is.

Irving

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figcaption class=”caption” caption–img caption caption–img” itemprop=”description”> Irving Penns portrait of Elton John. Photograph: Nils Jorgensen/REX/Shutterstock Tate only began to collect photography seriously and systematically in 2009 late in the game, they could never hope to afford works of this range and quality. This show marks the beginning of a long-term collaboration between the institution and Elton John and David Furnish, who have agreed to give works to the nation. Theirs is a collection anyone would give their eye-teeth for.

Its a foundational body of work, with as many surprises as there are photographs that forever reappear in anthologies and exhibitions. From Bauhaus abstraction to 1930s social documentary, via the staged and the casual, studio portraits and street photography, surrealism and still life, this is no idiot rich guy collection of trophy art. Sir Elton says he has never bought a work for profit. He has educated himself as he has gone on, beginning to collect photographs after a period in rehab for alcohol addiction in the late 80s. The collection now has a director, a curator (a former gallerist from Atlanta, where Elton has a home), and doubtless conservators to look after it.

What he doesnt have an eye for is picture frames, which are often intrusive and over-elaborate; all that gold and distressed silver gilding, all those deluxe mats and rebates. After a while, I stopped noticing and the images themselves carried me away. It is evident that Elton appreciates photographs not just as images, but as objects, from the postage stamp-sized Andr Kertsz 1917 Underwater Swimmer, Esztergom, Hungary, which the collector regards as the most important photograph in his collection, to Man Rays 1932 Larmes or Glass Tears, bought for a record sum at auction in 1993, in which a womans carefully made-up face has glass beads stuck to her cheeks, like a modern eroticised saint. Elton already owned a modern copy of Kertszs Swimmer, with its refracted body and veins of light, but later bought the photographers original print, which bears the pencil marks where he cropped the image. A little grey thing, all its detail and tonalities leap out when you get up close.

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A Bee on a Sunflower by Edward Steichen. Photograph: The Sir Elton John Photography Collection
The quality of some of the prints here, let alone the images, is astounding
Edward Steichens portrait of silent movie star Gloria Swanson, peering out at us from behind a black, flower-decorated veil, looks almost embossed with light and shade, while Lszl Moholy-Nagys 1928 vertical view down into a snowbound courtyard beneath the Berlin Radio Tower (not printed until the 1940s) has the subtlest tonalities. Werner Mantzs 1928 view down an empty stairwell is as vertiginous as the century. Its plainness is terrifying.

One of Robert Franks 1949 Paris photos, looking across the sandy walk near the Place de la Concorde, is the best print of this shot that I have ever seen every small gradation is there. Instead of a picture of a couple taking a selfie, Im suddenly alert to the emptiness in the shot, the shadow on a bit of gravel, the foreground sweeping away, bright with light on a misty day. I could go on and on. Theres so much here.

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Herbert Bayer, Self-Portrait, 1932. Photograph: Herbert Bayer DACS, 2016

Elton clearly loves a portrait. Penns 1948 series in which Duke Ellington, Noel Coward, Joe Louis, Salvador Dal and others pose in the tight corner between two angled walls are opportunities for their subjects to perform for the camera. Dal manspreads aggressively; Coward poses as though he were determined to remain insouciant as the walls close in, as if he were a bookmark between the pages. There are theatrical portraits with pensive actors toying with masks; theres beefcake, including two half-dressed men together in a pre-war Paris gay club by Brassa. Later we come to the accusatory silent gazes of Evanss dirt-poor whites in Alabama, and Dorothea Langes breadlines and homeless wandering boys, who still have pride if not much hope. Man Rays portraits of famous artists Derain, Matisse, Yves Tanguy (which the collector refers to as Phil Collins) take up one section of the show.

Irving
Manspreading aggresively Irving Penns portrait of Salvador Dal. Photograph: Dorothea Lange/Tate/PA

On the way there are photograms and shirt collars, Mondrians pipe in an ashtray, Herbert Bayers boules in the sand and Josef Sudeks rows of teacups. Some things are easy to miss in the long runs of images: Albert Renger-Patzschs tremendous Mountain Forest in Winter; Diane Arbuss early Room With Lamp and Light Fixture, New York City.

Imogen Cunninghams 1927 Gas Tanks hangs next to Jaromir Funkes 1923 Photographic Construction, pitching a staged, tabletop still life next to huge industrial cylinders and gas-holders under the sky. Funkes staged, artificially-lit still life appears to depict a vast abstracted landscape, while Cunninghams gas tanks look like a closeup, as near and quotidian as a plate of Czannes apples. Such juxtapositions really count. Ill have to go back. I had no idea The Radical Eye would be so impressive. It makes you want to root around the rest of what Sir Elton owns who knows whats in there.

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  • <a href=”http://www.tate.org.uk/whats-on/tate-modern/exhibition/radical-eye-modernist-photography-sir-elton-john-collection” data-link-name=”in” body link” class=”u-underline”>The Radical Eye is at Switch House, Tate Modern, London, 10 November-7 May.
  • Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2016/nov/08/the-radical-eye-review-tate-modern-switch-house

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